E-procurement is an important aspect of e-government that is related to government and to the private sector. The literature related to e-procurement implementation and operation is reviewed, including five main themes:
impact on cost efficiency;
the impact on the form and nature of supplier transaction;
e-procurement system implementation;
broader IT infrastructure issues and the behavioral and relational impact of e-procurement (Croom and Jones, 2005).
All researcher referenced here define ―procurementas encompassing acquisition, contracting, buying, renting, leasing, and purchasing, and includes functions such as requirements determination and all phases of contract administration (Thai, 2001, pp. 42– 43). Snider and Rendon (2004) said that the range of relevant topics (e.g., outsourcing, privatization, public-private partnerships) and activities is also indicated by the objectives of JoPP and the biennial (since 2004) International Public Procurement Conference, both of which seek to ―further the understanding of [public procurement‘s]: Functional areas, including but not limited to procurement policy, procurement strategic planning and scheduling, contract formation, contract administration, evaluation, and procurement methods and techniques; substantive areas such as government procurement laws and regulations, procurement economics and politics, and procurement ethics; and topical issues such as eProcurement, procurement transparency, and green procurement.
(International Public Procurement Conference, 2011) E-procurement transaction structure was introduced by literature in the marketing and management industries. It is mentioned that organizations will have a range of transaction relationships with providers. For example the (framework) ―buy class” Robinson, Faris, and Wind (Croom and Jones, 2005: 372) differentiate between the correlation based on frequency and the variability in the purchasing contract.
E-PROCUREMENT IN INDONESIA: POLICY AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION
INTERNATIONAL SCHOLAR EXCHANGE PROGRAM 2013/2014
KOREAN FOUNDATION FOR ADVANCE STUDIES